I was archiving some data onto DVDs in Windows Vista, using the regular Vista burn-to-disc functionality. On one disc, for a reason I won’t go into, I had one folder at the root level and about 60 files in that folder. When I tried to burn the disc, though, I got a message, “No files to burn.”
That didn’t make any sense. Running a quick Google search yields a lot of people with the same problem. Turns out the fix is to burn at least two files at the root level. Adding a “readme.txt” to the root of the disc alongside the folder magically made things work.
What’s up with that crazy must-have-two-files requirement? Who thought that was a good idea?
It was time to take another vacation, so this time Jenn and I set our sights on a non-Vegas destination: Victoria, British Columbia. We headed out August 24 - 27.
We left Monday morning for Port Angeles, WA, and took the ferry over to Victoria. We stayed at The Hotel Grand Pacific, conveniently on the same block as the ferry.
Monday night we really didn’t do anything but wander around a bit and have dinner. Dinner, though, is where I discovered Phillips Longboat Double Chocolate Porter. Now, I’m really not a “beer guy,” but this was tasty stuff. (I ended up tracking down the brewery, which is right downtown Victoria, and getting a case to bring home.)
Tuesday we visited The Butchart Gardens. It was pretty amazing, all the different kinds of flowers and gardens they have. Glad I took my allergy pills!
After the gardens we went to the top on Mt. Douglas and checked out the view. Definitely something to see, but harder to get to than you might think. Try as we might, we just could not stick on the roads shown on the map. We had quite the adventure getting to Mt. Douglas and saw most of Victoria in the process.
Wednesday we took a tour of the BC Parliament Building and learned a bit about the government there. While the architecture was interesting, the best part was going to the visitor gallery and watching parliament in session. There was an argument going on about a proposed new tax system and it was very heated. Way better than C-Span.
Thursday morning we had to leave, but before we did we went out to the front of the hotel and watched them feed the ducks. Apparently they have these ducks that come back year after year to swim in the fountain out front and get fed by the maintenance guy each morning. At one point they had close to 60 ducks! We only saw about 30, but it was pretty crazy.
In all, a good trip. Left a few things (like the Royal BC Museum) to see on future trips, but saw a lot and had a good time.
Most people don’t realize it, but Firefox will do NTLM (Windows pass-through) authentication just like Internet Explorer. Some people solve the issue by going around Firefox and hosting IE right in Firefox. The other way to do it is to keep Firefox as the rendering engine and tell Firefox it’s OK to use Windows credentials to authenticate with a given site.
The problem is that managing the list of sites you allow Firefox to pass-through authenticate with is not straightforward and involves manually manipulating configuration settings.
This add-on makes it easier to manage this list, allowing you to stick with Firefox but still use Windows pass-through authentication.
Right now it simply adds an item to your Tools menu that gives you a first-class interface toward managing the list of sites. There are some other things I’m thinking about doing, but you can check all that out on the project site. If you want to try it out, you can get it on the Mozilla site.
Recently when I was working on my first Firefox extension, I struggled for a while to figure out the best way to work with the code - the script, CSS, etc. - involved with the extension.
I like using Visual Studio as my environment for the other projects I’m on, so I thought I’d look around and see if other folks had figured out how to use it while working with Firefox extensions. The closest I got was this article over on DevSource which really talks more about creating the extension’s folder structure than it does about how you actually manage the project in Visual Studio. With that, I figured it was up to me, and here’s how I got it working.
First, follow the Mozilla instructions on setting up a developer profile for extension building and creating the base extension structure. It might even be worth getting the full Hello World plugin running so you know you’ve got something working to start.
Now we’re going to create a Visual Studio solution to manage the code with. We’ll end up with a folder/file structure that looks something like this:
You have a folder that houses your extension (“ExampleExtension”) and then you have the actual folder structure under that which has the extension code (“extension”). Ostensibly, you’ll end up zipping everything under “extension” into an .xpi file for distribution later.
We need to create the solution you see in the folder right above the extension code so fire up Visual Studio. Go to “File->New Project” and under “Other Project Types” click “Visual Studio Solutions” and elect to create a Blank Solution. Put the blank solution in the folder right above the main extension code (“ExampleExtension” in the above folder tree).
Save the solution file and close it. Visual Studio always does this thing where it creates a folder for the solution but you don’t want that folder here - you’ve already got a structure you’re working in. Go grab the .sln file that was just created and put it in the folder right above the extension code (“ExampleExtension”). You can then delete the folder Visual Studio stuck it in as well as the .suo file.
You should have the .sln file right above the “extension” folder with your Firefox extension code, just like the picture above. Now open the solution in Visual Studio. We’re going to use the Web Site project type to work with the extension code. Extensions are mostly XML, CSS, and script anyway, so it mostly makes sense, right?
In Visual Studio, go to “File -> Add -> New Web Site…” to open the web site template dialog. Select the “ASP.NET Web Site” project template. Under “Location,” select “File System” and point to the folder that contains the extension code (“extension”). It doesn’t really matter which language you select, since you’re not going to be really making a web site, so select what you want. (I selected Visual C#.)
When you click “OK,” it’s going to find the extension folders and such you already have. It will then ask you how you want to proceed. Select “Open the existing web site” and click OK. This will add everything for your extension into the “web site” without adding anything to it. You should see it all in Solution Explorer. Here’s a screen shot of my extension in Solution Explorer with all the requisite files.
That’s it. You should now be able to add, remove, and update files for your extension from Visual Studio.
Now, I know I could install Eclipse and do things differently, or choose some other environment, but I really wanted to see how VS would work. Seems to work reasonably well, at least for what I’m doing.
What about debugging?
Well, you can’t really do debugging of your extension from inside Visual Studio, but you can execute your Firefox developer environment to see your extension run. Right-click the Web Site project proper (the little “globe” icon you see in Solution Explorer) and select “Browse With…”
In that dialog, click “Add” to add a new browser. In the “Program Name” box, type the full command line that you need to run the developer profile with (you have that from when you set up your extension developer environment). In the “Friendly Name” box, put something like “Firefox Extension Developer Environment.” Then click OK.
You will get warned with something that says “File name does not exist, is invalid, or contains parameters that cannot be validated. Do you want to change your entry?” Say NO. That warning will close and the “Firefox Extension Development Environment” browser will appear in the list.
From now on, you can select “Browse With,” select your developer environment, click the “Browse” button, and the developer version of Firefox, with your extension installed, will pop up. (You mustset up the Firefox extension proxy file when you set up your development environment or it won’t matter that you popped open the dev browser - your extension won’t be there.)
How about building/packaging the extension?
I haven’t figured out a way to do it from inside Visual Studio (though I’m sure you could through post-build tasks or modifying the .sln file directly), however, with the use of MSBuild Community Tasks I’ve got a very simple build script that zips up the extension as an .xpi in a build_output folder (peer to the extension code). Yours for the taking. YMMV, no support, no warranty expressed nor implied, etc.
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?> <Project DefaultTargets="All" xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/developer/msbuild/2003"> <PropertyGroup> <MSBuildCommunityTasksPath>$(MSBuildProjectDirectory)\lib\MSBuildCommunityTasks</MSBuildCommunityTasksPath> <BuildDirectory>$(MSBuildProjectDirectory)\build_output</BuildDirectory> <ExtensionDirectory>$(MSBuildProjectDirectory)\extension</ExtensionDirectory> <ExtensionName>ExampleExtension</ExtensionName> </PropertyGroup> <Import Project="$(MSBuildProjectDirectory)\lib\MSBuildCommunityTasks\MSBuild.Community.Tasks.Targets"/> <Target Name="All" DependsOnTargets="Clean;Compile"> </Target> <Target Name="Clean"> <RemoveDir Directories="$(BuildDirectory)" Condition="Exists('$(BuildDirectory)')"/> </Target> <Target Name="Compile"> <ItemGroup> <ExtensionFiles Include="$(ExtensionDirectory)\**\*.*" Exclude="$(ExtensionDirectory)\**\_svn\**\*.*" /> </ItemGroup> <MakeDir Directories="$(BuildDirectory)" Condition="!Exists('$(BuildDirectory)')"/> <Zip Files="@(ExtensionFiles)" WorkingDirectory="$(ExtensionDirectory)" ZipFileName="$(BuildDirectory)\$(ExtensionName).xpi" /> </Target> </Project>
Yeah, that’s a lot to just build a zip file, but it always cleans out any existing build and repackages the thing, plus if you end up having more to do (like adding other files or doing additional filtering), this is a starting point.
Hopefully this will help some of you folks trying to break into Firefox extension development!